While model plants like Arabidopsis and Brachypodium have been essential for understanding plant growth, development and responses to stress, sometimes a non-model plant is a better fit for certain abiotic stress studies. Below are some non-model plant species that have been used to study a wide variety of abiotic stresses.

I am sure I missed quite a few species. Please comment how you use non-model species to study abiotic stress!

Ammopiptanthus – an extremely drought-tolerance genus from Asia, in the Fabaceae (bean family)

Zhou, Y., Gao, F., Liu, R., Feng, J., and Li, H. (2012). De novo sequencing and analysis of root transcriptome using 454 pyrosequencing to discover putative genes associated with drought tolerance in Ammopiptanthus mongolicusBMC Genomics. 13(266) Online.

Arabidopsis halleri – a close relative of Arabidopsis that can overaccumulate zinc and cadmium

Zhao, F., Lombi, E., Breedon, T. (2001) Zinc hyperaccumulation and cellular distribution in Arabidopsis helleri. Plant Cell Environ. 23(5) 507-514.

Weber, M., Trampczynska, A., Clemens, S. (2006). Comparative transcriptome analysis of toxic metal responses in Arabidopsis thaliana and the Cd2+‐hypertolerant facultative metallophyte Arabidopsis helleri. Plant Cell Environ. 29(5) 950-963.

Brassica juncea – in the Brassicaceae (mustard family) with Arabidopsis, resistant to heavy metal stress

Mobin. M., Khan, N. (2007). Photosynthetic activity, pigment composition and antioxidative response of two mustard (Brassica juncea) cultivars differing in photosynthetic capacity subjected to cadmium stress. J Plant Physiol. 164(5) 601-610.

Caragana intermedia – drought-resistant and salt-resistant legume (Fabaceae) from China

Zhu, J., Li, W., Yang, W., Qi, L., and Han, S. (2013). Identification of microRNAs in Caragana intermedia by high-throughput sequencing and expression analysis of 12 microRNAs and their targets under salt stress. Plant Cell Rep. 32, 1339–1349.

Eutrema salsugineum - in the Brassicaceae (mustard family) with Arabidopsis, resistant to salt stress

Yang, R., Jarvis, D., Chen, H., Beilstein, M., Grimwood, J., Jenkins, J., Shu, S., Prochnik, S., Xin, M., Ma, C., Schmutz, J., Wing, R., Mitchell-Olds, T., Schumaker, K., Wang, X. (2013). The Reference Genome of the Halophytic Plant Eutrema salsugineum. Front Plant Sci. 4(46) Online.

Fagopyrum esculentum – Can tolerate and accumulate high amounts of lead and aluminum, in the Polygonaceae (buckwheat family)

Tamura, H., Honda, M., Sato, T., Kamachi, H. (2005). Pb hyperaccumulation and tolerance in common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench), J Plant Res. 118 355–359.

Klug, B., & Horst, W. (2010) Oxalate exudation into the root-tip water free space confers protection from aluminum toxicity and allows aluminum accumulation in the symplast in buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum). New Phytol. 187: 380-391.

Festuca and Lolium – grasses (Poaceae) that are cold and freezing tolerant

Sandvea, S., Kosmala, A., Rudi, H., Fjellheima, S., Rapaczc, M., Yamada, T., Rognli, O. (2011). Molecular mechanisms underlying frost tolerance in perennial grasses adapted to cold climates. Plant Sci. 180 69-77.

Noccaea caerulescens (previously Thlaspi caerulescens) – a relative of Arabidopsis that can accumulate heavy metals

Mandáková, T., Singh, V., Krämer, U., Lysak, M. (2015). Genome structure of the heavy metal hyperaccumator Noccaea caerulescens and its stability on metalliferous and non-metalliferous soils. Plant Physiol. 169(1) 674-689.

Rumex palustris – flooding-tolerant dicot in the Polygonaceae (buckwheat family)

Voesenek, L., Benschop, J., Bou, J., Cox, M., Groeneveld, H., Mellenaar, F., Vreebrug, R., Peeters, A. (2003). Interactions Between Plant Hormones Regulate Submergence‐induced Shoot Elongation in the Flooding‐tolerant Dicot Rumex palustris. Ann Bot. 91(2) 205–211.

Solanum commersonii – a wild potato relative that is cold-tolerant and salt-tolerant

Aversano, R., Contaldi, F., Ercolano, M. R., Grosso, V., Iorizzo, M., Tatino, F., et al. (2015). The Solanum commersonii genome sequence provides insights into adaptation to stress conditions and genome evolution of wild potato relatives. Plant Cell. 27, 954–968.

Thellungiella – a relative to Arabidopsis that is used to study salinity, high temperatures, drought and nitrogen limitation

Higashi, Y., Ohama, N., Ishikawa, T., Katori, T., Shimura, A., Kusakabe, K., Yamaguchi-Shinozaki, K., Ishida, J., Tanaka, M., Seki, M., et al. (2013). HsfA1d, a protein identified via fox hunting using Thellungiella salsuginea cDNAs improves heat tolerance by regulating heat-stress-responsive gene expression. Mol Plant. 6 411–422.

Anna, A., (2009). Learning from Evolution: Thellungiella Generates New Knowledge on Essential and Critical Components of Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Plants. Mol Plant. 2(1) 3-12.

Zygophyllum xanthoxylum – used to study drought and salt tolerance, in the Zygophyllaceae 

Bao A. K., Wang Y. W., Xi J. J., Liu C., Zhang J. L., Wang S. M. (2014). Co-expression of xerophyte Zygophyllum xanthoxylum ZxNHX and ZxVP1-1 enhances salt and drought tolerance in transgenic Lotus corniculatus by increasing cations accumulation. Funct Plant Biol. 41, 203–214.