Research Areas:
Abiotic Interactions, Applied Plant Biology, Environmental Plant Biology


Akram MS, Ali Q, Athar HUR, Bhatti AS (2006a) Ion uptake and distribution in Panicum antidotale Retz. under salt stress. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1661-1669

Akram MS, Athar H-U-R, Ashraf M (2007) Improving growth and yield of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) by foliar application of potassium hydroxide (KOH) under salt stress. Pak J Bot 39 (3):769-776

Akram NA, Shahbaz M, Athar H-U-R, Ashraf M (2006b) Morpho-physiological responses of two differently adapted populations of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. and Cenchrus ciliaris L. to salt stress. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1581-1588

Ali MA, Ashraf M, Athar HR (2009) Influence of nickel stress on growth and some important physiological/biochemical attributes in some diverse canola (Brassica napus L.) cultivars. J Hazard Mater 172 (2-3):964-969. doi:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2009.07.077

Ali Q, Ashraf M, Athar H-u-R (2007) Exogenously applied proline at different growth stages enhances growth of two maize cultivars grown under water deficit conditions. Pak J Bot 39 (4):1133-1144

Ali Q, Athar H-U-R, Ashraf M (2006a) Influence of exogenously applied brassinosteroids on the mineral nutrient status of two wheat cultivars grown under saline conditions. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1621-1632

Ali Q, Athar H-U-R, Ashraf M (2006b) Ion transport in four canola cultivars as influenced by salt stress. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1703-1708

Ali Q, Athar H-u-R, Ashraf M (2008) Modulation of growth, photosynthetic capacity and water relations in salt stressed wheat plants by exogenously applied 24-epibrassinolide. Plant Growth Regul 56 (2):107-116. doi:10.1007/s10725-008-9290-7

Arfan M, Athar HR, Ashraf M (2007) Does exogenous application of salicylic acid through the rooting medium modulate growth and photosynthetic capacity in two differently adapted spring wheat cultivars under salt stress? J Plant Physiol 164 (6):685-694

Ashraf M, Athar H-u-R (2006) Preface. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1357-1357

Ashraf M, Athar HR, Harris PJC, Kwon TR (2008a) Some prospective strategies for improving crop salt tolerance. Adv Agron 97:45-110. doi:10.1016/s0065-2113(07)00002-8 

Ashraf M, Nawaz K, Athar H-u-R, Raza SH (2008b) Growth enhancement in two potential cereal crops, maize and wheat, by exogenous application of gllycnnnebetainne. In: Abdelly C, Öztürk M, Ashraf M, Grignon C (eds) Biosaline Agriculture and High Salinity Tolerance,  10.1007/978-3-7643-8554-5_2. Birkhäuser Basel, Basel, Switzerland, pp 21-35. doi:10.1007/978-3-7643-8554-5_2

Ashraf M, Nawazish S, Athar H-u-R (2007) Are chlorophyll fluorescence and photosynthetic capacity potential physiological determinants of drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.). Pak J Bot 39 (4):1123-1131

Ashraf M, Öztürk MA, Athar HR (2009) Salinity and water stress: improving crop efficiency, vol 44. Springer Verlag,

Ashraf M, Rehman H (1999) Mineral nutrient status of corn in relation to nitrate and long‐term waterlogging. J Plant Nutr 22 (8):1253-1268. doi:10.1080/01904169909365710

Athar H-u-R, Ambreen S, Javed M, Hina M, Rasul S, Zafar ZU, Manzoor H, Ogbaga CC, Afzal M, Al-Qurainy F, Ashraf M (2016) Influence of sub-lethal crude oil concentration on growth, water relations and photosynthetic capacity of maize (Zea mays L.) plants. Environ Sci Pollut Res 23 (18):18320-18331. doi:10.1007/s11356-016-6976-7

Athar H-u-R, Ashraf M, Wahid A, Jamil A (2009a) Inducing salt tolerance in canola (Brassica napus L.) by exogenous application of glycinebetaine and proline: Response at the initial growth stages. Pak J Bot 41 (3):1311-1319

Athar H-u-R, Bhatti AR, Bashir N, Zafar ZU, Abida, Farooq A (2011) Modulating infestation rate of white fly (Bemicia tabaci) on okra (Hibiscus esculentus L.) by nitrogen application. Acta Physiol Plant 33 (3):843-850. doi:10.1007/s11738-010-0609-4

Athar H-u-R, Khan A, Ashraf M (2008) Exogenously applied ascorbic acid alleviates salt-induced oxidative stress in wheat. Environ Exp Bot 63 (1-3):224-231

Athar H-u-R, Khan A, Ashraf M (2009b) Inducing Salt Tolerance in Wheat by Exogenously Applied Ascorbic Acid through Different Modes. J Plant Nutr 32 (11):1799-1817. doi:10.1080/01904160903242334

Athar H-u-R, Mahmood S, Shaheen R, Ashraf M (2003) Water Logging Tolerance in Populations of Cynodon dactylon from Contrasting Habitats. Pak J Biol Sci 6 (4):317-321

Athar H-u-R, Zafar ZU, Ashraf M (2015) Glycinebetaine Improved Photosynthesis in Canola under Salt Stress: Evaluation of Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters as Potential Indicators. J Agron Crop Sci 201 (6):428-442. doi:10.1111/jac.12120

Athar H, Mahmood S (2003) Foliar amino acids and proteins of maize (zea mays) in relation to long-term hypoxic conditions under supplementary NO3-N. Journal of Research (Science) 14 (2):235

Athar HR, Ashraf M (2005) Photosynthesis under drought stress. In: Pessarakli M (ed) Handbook of Photosynthesis. 2nd edn. CRC Press, New York, USA, pp 795-810

Athar HR, Ashraf M (2009) Strategies for Crop Improvement Against Salinity and Drought Stress: An Overview. In: Ashraf M, Ozturk M, Athar HR (eds) Salinity and Water Stress: Improving Crop Efficiency, vol 44. Tasks for Vegetation Science 34. Springer Netherlands, pp 1-16

Athar HR, Kauser R, Arif S, Iqbal M (2005) Growth responses of Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) to sodium chloride salinity at contrasting levels of nitrogen. Indus Journal of Biological Sciences 2 (3):375-386

Atia A, Debez A, Rabhi M, Athar H-u-R, Abdelly C (2006) Alleviation of salt-induced seed dormancy in the perennial halophyte Crithmum maritimum L. (Apiaceae). Pak J Bot 38 (5):1367-1372

Bashir N, Mahmood S, Zafar ZU, Rasul S, Manzoor H, Athar H-u-R (2016) Is drought tolerance in maize (Zea mays L.) cultivars at the juvenile stage maintained at the reproductive stage? Pak J Bot 48 (4):1385-1392

Bashir N, Malik SA, Mahmood S, Hassan M-u, Athar H-u-R, Athar M (2012) Influence of urea application on growth, yield and mineral uptake in two corn (Zea mays L.) cultivars. Afr J Biotechnol 11 (46):10494-10503

Ben-Ahmed C, Ben-Rouina B, Athar H-U-R, Boukhriss M (2006) Olive tree (Olea europaea L. cv. "Chemlali") under salt stress: Water relations and ions content. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1477-1484

Ben-Rouina B, Ben-Ahmed C, Athar HUR, Boukhriss M (2006) Water relations, proline accumulation and photosynthetic activity in olive tree (Olea europaea L. CV "Chemlali") in response to salt stress. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1397-1406

Farooq MA, Islam F, Yang C, Nawaz A, Athar H-u-R, Gill RA, Ali B, Song W, Zhou W (2017) Methyl jasmonate alleviates arsenic-induced oxidative damage and modulates the ascorbate–glutathione cycle in oilseed rape roots. Plant Growth Regul 10.1007/s10725-017-0327-7. doi:10.1007/s10725-017-0327-7

Haider MS, Ibrahim M, Athar HR, Sarwar G, Tahir MA (2013) Ability of Puccinellia ciliata to grow in a waterlogged saline environment. Agrochimica 57 (3):279-288

Hussain A, Ullah Zafar Z, Athar H-U-R, Farooq J, Ahmad S (2017) Inheritance Pattern of Fiber Related Traits under Normal and Hypoxia Conditions in Cotton (Gossypium Hirsutum L.). Journal of Natural Fibers 14 (1):50-62. doi:10.1080/15440478.2016.1146641

Hussain A, Zafar ZU, Athar H-U-R (2014) Flooding tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) at early vegetative and reproductive growth stages. Pak J Bot 46 (3):1001-1009

Ibrahim M, Anjum A, Khaliq N, Iqbal M, Athar HUR (2006) Four foliar applications of glycinebetaine did not alleviate adverse effects of salt stress on growth of sunflower. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1561-1570

Ibrahim M, Yasmeen S, Zaman G, Bin L, Al-Qurainy F, Athar H-u-R, Shah KH, Khurshid M, Ashraf M (2016) Protein profiling analysis of Gossypium hirsutum (Malvales: Malvaceae) leaves infested by cotton whitefly Bemisia tabaci (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae). Appl Entomol Zool 51 (4):599-607. doi:10.1007/s13355-016-0436-1

Iqbal M, Raza A, Zulfiqar S, Athar HR, Zafar ZU (2012) Physiological quality improvement of salt imbibed maize (Zea mays L.) seeds by priming with smoke water. Agrochimica 56 (4-5):247-255

Kauser R, Athar HUR, Ashraf N (2006) Chlorophyll fluorescence: A potential indicator for rapid assessment of water stress tolerance in canola (Brassica napus L.). Pak J Bot 38 (5):1501-1509

Khalid A, Athar H-u-R, Zafar ZU, Akram A, Hussain K, Manzoor H, Al-Qurainy F, Ashraf M (2015) Photosynthetic capacity of canola (Brassica napus L.) plants as affected by glycinebetaine under salt stress. J Appl Bot Food Qual 88:78-86. doi:10.5073/JABFQ.2015.088.011

Khaliq R, Zahoor M, Zafar ZU, Athar H-u-R (2011) Growth responses of Plantago ovata L. to varying levels of NaCl. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology 1 (3)

Khaliq S, Ullah Z, Rehman A, Khaliq R (2014) Physiological and biochemical basis of salt tolerance in Ocimun basilicum L. Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 2:18-27

Khan A, Ahmad MSA, Athar HUR, Ashraf M (2006) Interactive effect of foliarly applied ascorbic acid and salt stress on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) at the seedling stage. Pak J Bot 38 (5):1407-1414

Mahmood S, Athar H (2003) Germination and growth of Panicum turgidum provenance under saline conditions. Pak J Biol Sci 6 (2):164-166

Mahmood S, Iram S, Athar H (2003) Intra-specific variability in sesame (Sesamun Indicum L.) for various quantitative and qualitative attributes under differential salt regimes. Journal of Research (Science) 14 (2):177

Manzoor H, Athar H-u-R, Rasul S, Kanwal T, Anjam MS, Qureshi MK, Bashir N, Zafar ZU, Ali M, Ashraf M (2016) Avenues for improving drought tolerance in crops by ABA regulation. In:  Water Stress and Crop Plants,  10.1002/9781119054450.ch13. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp 177-193. doi:10.1002/9781119054450.ch13

Messedi D, Farhani F, Hamed KB, Trabelsi N, Ksouri R, Athar H-u-R, Abdelly C (2016) Highlighting the mechanisms by which proline can confer tolerance to salt stress in Cakile maritima. Pak J Bot 48 (2):417-427

Noreen S, Athar H-u-R, Ashraf M (2013) Interactive effects of watering regimes and exogenously applied osmoprotectants on earliness indices and leaf area index in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) crop. Pak J Bot 45 (6):1873-1881

Noreen S, Fatima K, Athar HUR, Ahmad S, Hussain K (2017) Enhancement of physio-biochemical parameters of wheat through exogenous application of salicylic acid under drought stress. J Anim Plant Sci 27 (1):153-163

Noreen S, Mahmood S, Athar H-u-R, Zafar ZU, Ashraf M (2016) Potential usage of antioxidants, hormones and plant extracts. In:  Water Stress and Crop Plants,  10.1002/9781119054450.ch9. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp 124-141. doi:10.1002/9781119054450.ch9

Noreen S, Zafar ZU, Hussain K, Athar HUR, Ashraf M (2015) Assesment of economic benefits of foliarly applied osmoprotectants in alleviating the adverse effects of water stress on growth and yield of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.). Pak J Bot 47 (6):2223-2230

Ogbaga CC, Miller MAE, Athar H-u-R, Johnson GN (2017a) Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis of maize (Zea mays) subjected to progressive drought reveals involvement of lipids, amides and carbohydrates. Afr J Biotechnol 16 (18):1061-1066

Ogbaga CC, Stepien P, Athar H-U-R, Ashraf M (2017b) Engineering Rubisco activase from thermophilic cyanobacteria into high-temperature sensitive plants. Crit Rev Biotechnol 10.1080/07388551.2017.1378998:1-14. doi:10.1080/07388551.2017.1378998

Rabhi M, Karray-Bouraoui N, Medini R, Attia H, Athar HUR, Abdelly C, Smaoui A (2011) Seasonal variations in phytodesalination capacity of two perennial halophytes in their natural biotope. Journal of Biological Research-Thessaloniki 14:181-189

Rasheed MJZ, Ahmad K, Ashraf M, Al-Qurainy F, Khan S, Athar HUR (2015) Screening of diverse local germplasm of guar [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.] for salt tolerance: A possible approach to utilize salt-affected soils. Pak J Bot 47 (5):1721-1726

Raza SH, Athar HR, Ashraf M, Hameed A (2007) Glycinebetaine-induced modulation of antioxidant enzymes activities and ion accumulation in two wheat cultivars differing in salt tolerance. Environ Exp Bot 60 (3):368-376. doi:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2006.12.009

Raza SH, Athar HUR, Ashraf M (2006) Influence of exogenously applied glycinebetaine on the photosynthetic capacity of two differently adapted wheat cultivars under salt stress. Pak J Bot 38 (2):341-351

Razaq M, Abbas G, Farooq M, Aslam M, Athar H-u-R (2014a) Effect of Insecticidal Application on Aphid Population, Photosynthetic Parameters and Yield Components of Late Sown Varieties of Canola, Brassica napus L. Pak J Zool 46 (3):661-668

Razaq M, Farooq M, Abbass G, Aslam M, Afzal M, Mahmood-ur-Rehman H, Iqbal M, Athar H-u-R (2016) Is reduction in yield potential of some brassicaceous species due to aphid infestation associated with the changes in stomatal factors of photosynthesis? Pak J Bot 48 (4):1665-1671

Razaq M, Haneef Q, Athar HR, Nasir M, Afzal M (2014b) Interactive Effect of Nitrogen and Insecticide on Jassid, Amrasca devastans (Dist.) Population and Photosynthetic Capacity of Okra Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. Pak J Zool 46 (2):577-579

Rehman A, Bhatti HN, Athar HUR (2009) Textile Effluents Affected Seed Germination and Early Growth of Some Winter Vegetable Crops: A Case Study. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 198 (1-4):155-163. doi:10.1007/s11270-008-9834-5

Rhimi N, Ben Ahmed C, Elloumi N, Athar HR, Noreen S, Ashraf M, Ben Abdallah F, Ben Nasri-Ayachi M (2016) Morpho-anatomical and physiological changes in grapevine leaves exposed to atmospheric fluoride and sulfur dioxide pollution. Appl Ecol Environ Res 14 (5):77-89

Shahbaz M, Ashraf M, Athar HUR (2008) Does exogenous application of 24-epibrassinolide ameliorate salt induced growth inhibition in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)? Plant Growth Regul 55 (1):51-64

Shaikh RS, Amir M, Masood AI, Sohail A, Athar HUR, Siraj S, Ali M, Anjam MS (2010) Frequency distribution of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null allele in Pakistani population and risk of disease incidence. Environ Toxicol Pharmacol 30 (1):76-79. doi:10.1016/j.etap.2010.04.002

Shamim F, Athar H-U-R, Waheed A (2013) Role of osmolytes in degree of water stress tolerance in tomato. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 25 (1):6

Shamim F, Khan K, Athar H-u-R, Waheed A (2015) Protection of photosynthetic machinery by up-regulation of antioxidant enzymes in contrasting tomato genotypes under drought. Pak J Bot 47 (4):1231-1239

Shamim F, Saqlan SM, Athar H-u-R, Waheed A (2014) Screening and selection of tomato genotypes/cultivars for drought tolerance using multivariate analysis. Pak J Bot 46 (4):1165-1178

Ulfat M, Athar HUR, Ashraf M, Akram NA, Jamil A (2007) Appraisal of physiological and biochemical selection criteria for evaluation of salt tolerance in canola (Brassica napus L.). Pak J Bot 39 (5):1593-1608

Waseem M, Athar HUR, Ashraf M (2006) Effect of salicylic acid applied through rooting medium on drought tolerance of wheat. Pak J Bot 38 (4):1127-1136

Yasmeen A, Basra SMA, Farooq M, Rehman HU, Hussain N, Athar HUR (2013) Exogenous application of moringa leaf extract modulates the antioxidant enzyme system to improve wheat performance under saline conditions. Plant Growth Regul 69 (3):225-233. doi:10.1007/s10725-012-9764-5

Zafar ZU, Athar H-U-R (2013a) Influence of different phosphorous regimes on disease resistance in two cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) cultivars differing in resistance to cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV). Pak J Bot 45 (2):617-627

Zafar ZU, Athar H-u-R (2013b) Reducing disease incidence of cotton leaf curl virus (CLCuV) in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) by potassium supplimentation. Pak J Bot 45 (3):1029-1038

Zafar ZU, Manzoor H, Rasul S, Noreen S, Ali Q, Iqbal M, Javed M, Gul HS, Ahmad Z, Shahzad F, Ogbaga CC, Athar H-u-R, Ashraf M (2017) Strategies to improve crop salt and drought tolerance: Success and limitations. In: Malik CP, Wani SH, Kushwaha HB, Kaur R (eds) Quality and quantum improvement in field crops. Agribios, New Delhi, India, pp 265-298

Zahoor M, Khaliq R, Zafar ZU, Athar H-u-R (2011) Degree of salt tolerance in some newly developed maize (Zea mays L.) varieties. Iranian Journal of Plant Physiology 1 (4):223-232

Volunteer Activities

Training of undergraduate students for research in plant stress physiology 

Current Affiliations
Experience & Education